Answered by Dr. Stuart Rennie
What is clear is that there is currently unprecedented excitement surrounding the possibility of a cure for HIV. Funding devoted specifically to HIV cure research is increasing, and there is more HIV cure research going on now than ever before. Cases like the Mississippi child and of patients who experience long-term control of HIV without treatment can easily give rise to the thought that a cure for HIV is ‘just around the corner.’ But we need to remind ourselves that, currently, only one case of successful cure exists: the Berlin patient, Timothy Brown. There is much about the biology and pathogenesis of HIV that we do not know, and that we will need to know before effective interventions aimed at HIV cure can be designed. In addition, some of these interventions may pose significant risks to humans and therefore there are good reasons to be cautious, prudent and patient. In short, the answer is: we are probably closer to a cure than ever before, but there is no way of predicting when it will happen.